4. Best Management Practices for Farm Biosecurity for Pig Production

4.7 Other Animals

Refers to standards 2.2.72.2.8, and 2.2.9

Facilities and procedures must be in place to keep out rodents (rodent proofing of barn and integrated rodent control program), birds (netting), insects (screening), pets and wildlife to minimize the risk of contamination of the CAZ and RAZ.

4.7.1 No birds should be tolerated in the barn

4.7.1.1 Screening or netting over inlets is needed if this is a problem.

4.7.1.2 For open sided barns, bird screening will keep them out.

4.7.2 Insects, if a problem can be controlled by:

4.7.2.1 Screening of inlets.

4.7.2.2 Constant dust removal from screens is needed to maintain air flow.

4.7.2.3 Clean up feed and manure spills that attract flies.

4.7.2.4 Use fly control products safely to avoid pig contact with them.

4.7.3 Rodent control using an integrated pest control system to keep them out and reduce numbers that are inside

4.7.3.1 Construct and maintain the barn to minimize rodent entry – consider doors (mice only need 6mm (1/4") holes), the sill where metal siding meets concrete walls or footings, fan housing, as well as air and other inlets.

4.7.3.2 Maintain the area surrounding free of debris that offers refuge and clean up feed spills.

4.7.3.3 A crushed rock apron around the barn discourages rodent crossing. Grass for at least the next 3 meters from the building should be cut short.

4.7.3.4 Proper baiting both outside in protected bait boxes and inside (also attics) is needed if rodents are present.

4.7.3.5 Review baiting products and programs with a pest control expert.

4.7.3.6 Cats in barns are not appropriate for rodent control as they may carry Toxoplasma gondii which can be transmitted to pigs.

4.7.3.7 If necessary, use a commercial pest control company to assist with managing rodents.

4.7.3.8 Meet the rodent control requirements for the CQA program.

  • An integrated pest control program needs to be documented including the frequency of baiting and type of bait.
  • A rodent monitoring program based on the presence of animals or fecal pellets can be implemented.

4.7.4 Keep pets (dogs and cats) as well as other domestic animals out of the barns.

4.7.4.1 A 'no pet in the barn' policy should be understood by all staff.

4.7.4.2 Buildings should be properly maintained to keep out animals.

 

4.7.4.3 Equipment that has been outside the barn and may have been contaminated by domestic or wild animals should be properly sanitized before being introduced into the barn. Refer to next section for details.

4.7.5 Ensure that wildlife cannot come in contact with pigs

4.7.5.1 Maintain buildings and perimeter fences and barriers to keep wildlife away from barns.

4.7.5.2 Be aware of wild boars and feral pigs in your area- they are of most concern.